SNAAP in the News

Click here for media releases



Not Only in Hollywood: Gender Pay Gap Persists in the Arts

Science News features a new study that uses SNAAP data in examining labor market factors as a driver of the wage gap between men and women in the arts. The main finding: gender-based income inequalities persist within the arts just as they do in other fields. The gender wage gap is comparable for artists and nonartists.

Endicott College Displaying 'Re-Emerging: Works by Art Therapy and Studio Art Alumni'

Wicked Local of the Danvers Herald promotes an upcoming art exhibition of Endicott College alumni. The article references SNAAP findings regarding the development of entrepreneurial skills at arts institutions and their use in the workplace.

Inside Track: Bellavance Brings Hands-on Experience to President's Role

SNAAP has "transformed the discourse about arts education in the country," says Leslie Bellavance, the new President of Kendall College of Art and Design of Ferris State University. The Grand Rapids (Michigan) Business Journal profiles Bellavance, who discusses her career and Kendall's responsibility to students beyond their time at the university.

Atlanta School Gives All Kids A Chance In The Spotlight

This piece from 90.1 WABE Atlanta's NPR Station quotes SNAAP Director, Sally Gaskill about the reasons behind DeKalb School of the Arts' success in providing top notch secondary arts training.

Unpacking Unpaid Internships

The Berkeley Beacon of Emerson College (Massachusetts) covers the pros and cons of students engaging in unpaid internships. The author references Emerson College's participation in SNAAP, which showed that 74% of Emerson's recent grads held at least one unpaid internship, over twice the amount as the average SNAAP institution. He also outlines SNAAP's top three reasons for pursuing an internship: (1) to gain hands on experience, (2) to become better prepared for employment, and (3) to learn new skills.


Survey Shows First-Generation Artists Less Satisfied with Education

The Indiana Daily Student features key results from the SNAAP DataBrief: Spotlight on First-Generation Artists.

Forbes: Why Art School Can Be a Smart Career move

This article written by Katia Savchuk and published in Forbes, quotes statements from SNAAP Senior Research Scholar, Jennifer Lena, as evidence for arts alumni's preparedness for success in the workforce.

Op-ed: UC's Co-op Program Will Soon Extend to Fine Arts Students

Cindy Bailey Damschroder, Assistant Professor with the Division of Professional Practice and Experiential Learning (ProPEL) at the University of Cincinnati references findings from the 2011 SNAAP survey as impetus for the introduction of a required co-op component into UC's Fine Arts curriculum. She argues that "The world needs more creativity to face and solve ever-more complex and serious challenges—fine arts students can help by developing new and innovative ideas, approaches and answers."

WSJ: What to Do If Your Child's First Love Is...Art

Jerry Cianciolo of the Wall Street Journal refers to findings from the 2011 SNAAP report "Forks in the Road: The Many Paths of Arts Alumni" as a counterargument to the misconception of parents who stear their children away from pursuing careers for fear of unemployability.

New Focus: The Art of Making a Living

Samantha Melamed of covers ways in which art schools are making changes to programming and curricula to support students and graduates in their professional preparation. It highlights AICAD schools' participation in SNAAP as a means of gathering data to inform such decisions.

An Artist's Life For Me

This Vail Daily article summarizes Steven Tepper's findings, based on SNAAP data, on how arts graduates can build a successful career.

A Positive Outlook for Arts Graduates

Christopher Howard of the College Arts Association interviews Steven Tepper and Sally Gaskill about SNAAP's annual report "Making it Work: The Education and Employment of Recent Arts Graduates."


That Arts Degree Is Paying Off

Tom Jacobs of Pacific Standard covers the latest SNAAP Annual Report, drawing attention to how the study "suggests universities and other institutes of higher learning are getting better at training arts graduates in the more practical aspects of pursuing their craft."

Jobs for Humanities, Arts Grads

Inside Higher Ed features results from the 2014 SNAAP Annual report, highlighting especially that arts graduates report "decent preparation" for the workforce.

Indicting Higher Education in the Arts and Beyond

Alexis Clements cites SNAAP data in a piece published by Hyperallergic that focuses on challenges faced by arts graduates.

Beyond the Bubble: Evaluating the Art Major

Andrea Nease of The Dartmouth discusses the current collegiate season of job recruitment/preparation and until now, the lack of information regarding careers in the arts. She points to data from the SNAAP survey as proof of career opportunities after graduation, potential for a decent living wage, and acquisition of translatable skills among arts majors.

Liberal Arts: Better Than You Think

David Hoppe writes in Nuvo: Indy's Alternative Voice about the misconception that a degree in the liberal arts leads to unemployment. He uses SNAAP data to make the case that "a liberal arts education neither as airy-fairy, nor as soul-crushing in outcome as some would have us believe."

Good News, Art Students: Your Degree is Actually Paying Off

Based on data from the latest SNAAP Annual Report, Jared Keller, Director of News at News.Mic provides the following takeaway: "If the goal of going to college is to earn a high starting salary, you may want to consider leaving the paintbrushes at home to study engineering instead. But for aspiring artists who pass over arts school in favor of something "more practical," rest assured for that arts degree actually pays off."

Art Graduates Very Happy, Very Employed

Purdue University's The Exponent publishes an article summarizing how results from the SNAAP survey challenges the perceived notion of a lacking job market for arts graduates.

Does an Art School Education Pay Off?

Chuck Green references SNAAP's Annual Report on his Pageplane blog, but seeks further answers about working designers who do not have an arts degree.

Dueling Reports: Is the Post-Art School Job Crisis Bullshit?

On the Art F City blog, Whitney Kimball compares the results of SNAAP's Annual Report, Making It Work: The Education and Employment of Recent Arts Graduates, with another recently released study about arts graduates published by BFAMFAPHD.

Helping Prospective Music Majors Decide Where to Apply

The Majoring in Music blog suggests the latest SNAAP Annual Report as a reference for prospective music school applicants about the curricula and services that are needed to be prepared for the field.

Report Shows Art Schools Focusing On Business Skills

Indiana Public Media quotes SNAAP Director, Sally Gaskill regarding arts institution's focus beyond teaching artistic technique, but on developing skills that will help graduates make careers as artists.

Arts Degrees: Not Entirely Worthless highlights SNAAP findings that "recent graduates of arts degrees report high job satisfaction and employment numbers."

Art Schools Work to Erase Image of Graduates as 'Starving Artists'

Scott Carlson writes about the return on investment as well as the constraints/risks of attending art school in this piece published in the Chronicle of Higher Education. He highlights Sammy Hoi's (SNAAP Advisory Board Member and current MICA President) use of survey data to "turn the conversation about the value of arts school toward the quantitative." Carlson cites SNAAP results of high job satisfaction and involvement in the arts well past graduation.

Thinking 'Bigger Than Me' in the Liberal Arts

SNAAP Research Director, Steven Tepper published a piece in the Chronicle of Higher Education in which he explores the difference between "me" and "bigger than me" experiences and how arts education can provide opportunities for fostering creativity beyond individual expression and voice.

Ranking Music Schools

A thoughtful piece about the perils of rankings from the website Majoring in—it refers readers to SNAAP data for a "composite picture of what an arts education looks like after the fact."

Artful Living: Examining the Relationship between Artistic Practice and Subjective Wellbeing Across Three National Surveys

Commissioned by a research grant from the National Endowment for the Arts, this report explores the thesis that the arts are essential to a high quality of life, using SNAAP and two other datasets.

Perspectives: For the Money? For the Love? Reconsidering the "Worth" of a College Major

Published in Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, Steven Tepper, SNAAP Research Director and sociologist Danielle Lindemann use SNAAP data to suggest that arts graduates use multiple lenses to view the worth of their education.

Who is an Artist? New Data for an Old Question

Published in a special issue of Poetics, Jennifer C. Lena, SNAAP Senior Research Scholar and Danielle Lindeman, former SNAAP Postdoctoral Research Scholar explore the "professional artist" as the outcome of an identity process, using unique data from the 2010 SNAAP survey.


A Fine Arts Degree May Be a Better Choice Than You Think

The Wall Street Journal quotes Steven Tepper and others to buck the misconception that a fine arts degree will lead to unemployment. The article uses SNAAP findings (identified as a Curb Center survey) and other data as supporting evidence for a rosier employment picture for fine arts graduates. Continue Reading >>

Patterns and Pathways: Artists and Creative Work in a Changing Economy

This special issue of Work and Occupations (November 2013) features articles about the creative workforce, using SNAAP data to draw interesting new conclusions. Included are these articles and policy briefs:

Looking Back, Looking Forward: Arts-Based Careers and Creative Work by Elizabeth Long-Lingo and Steven Tepper (guest editors for the journal);

What Happens to Artistic Aspirants Who Do Not "Succeed''? A Research Note From the Strategic National Arts Alumni Project by Danielle J. Lindemann;

Artists by the Numbers: Moving From Descriptive Statistics to Impact Analyses by Sunil Iyengar; Artists Work Everywhere by Ann Markusen.

ArtsForce: University of Utah's Answer to Readying Arts Students for the Workforce

Raymond Tymas-Jones discusses how the University of Utah College of Fine Arts used SNAAP data to improve resources for students' transition into the workforce. He highlights their main effort, the first annual ArtsForce Conference-a student driven event geared toward helping students understand and articulate the value of their degrees. The Daily Utah Chronicle features the University of Utah's ArtsForce Conference, "a conference that infuses the world of networking with the importance of an art degree." The article highlights the contributions of SNAAP leaders, Sally Gaskill and Steven Tepper to the conference.

Barriers to Recognizing Arts Entrepreneurship Education as Essential to Professional Arts Training

Jason C. White of Ohio State University argues that many arts training programs may be failing to adequately prepare students for professional work. In this article in Artivate, a journal of entrepreneurship in the arts, he uses SNAAP data as evidence for the need for arts entrepreneurship education. Continue Reading >>

Life after the Assembly Line

Philip Kennicott discusses the tendency of opera singers to fear failure in the reality of "a vast imbalance between the numbers of young people who enter conservatory or university training programs and the limited numbers of jobs that await them in the professional opera world." He encouragingly points to SNAAP data which paints a more positive outlook on the careers and institutional satisfaction of artists-and how success can be defined more broadly. PDF link

Labor, Life, and the Pursuit of Happiness for Arts Alumni

In honor of the 100th birthday of the U.S. Department of labor, Kristy Callaway, Executive Director of the Arts Schools Network, interviews Sally Gaskill, Director of SNAAP about the value of an arts degree in the current economy. Continue Reading >>

Creative Work and the Work of Creativity: Arts Graduates in a Changing Economy

Steven J. Tepper gives the commencement speech at Penn State University's College of Arts and Architecture using SNAAP data. Continue Reading >>

Vox Humana: It's SNAAP!

Haig Mardirosian, Dean of the College of Arts and Letters at the University of Tampa, provides commentary in The American Organist on SNAAP in an effort to influence policymakers and the greater American public regarding the value of an arts education. Continue Reading >>

Studying the Arts in Higher Education Creates Artists & Alchemists

Raymond Tymas-Jones blogs about how SNAAP findings shed light on the benefits of skills acquired through arts education. Continue Reading >>

SNAAP in Fast Company Magazine

Steven Tepper writes about artists in the workplace for Fast Company (with apologies to Daniel Pink re the title). Continue Reading >>


Taking Note: Teaching, Writing, and the Value of an Arts Education

Sunil Iyengar analyzes the SNAAP Special Report, "Painting with Broader Stokes: Assessing the Value of an Arts Degree" Continue Reading >>

Oh, SNAAP! It's Arts in Education Week in Arizona

Arizona Commission on the Arts contributor Patrick Fanning discusses SNAAP findings and lifelong learning in the arts. Continue Reading >>

The New York Times Covers SNAAP Findings:

Dispelling myths about job satisfaction, opportunities, and employability... Continue Reading >> Discusses Job Stability for Law and Arts Graduates

Why Attending Law School is the Worst Career Decision You'll Ever Make... Continue Reading >>

SNAAP Featured on

Researcher Jenn Lena shares her Insight on most recent findings... Continue Reading >> Offers a Tongue-in-cheek Look at the Benefits of an Art Degree

College Grads with Fake Majors Somehow Happy and Fulfilled... Continue Reading >>

BFA, BM, BArch, MFA Will These Credentials Be Worth Anything?

Majoring in the arts may be the ticket to long-term job satisfaction and a job when you graduate, says Creative Kid College Coach... Continue Reading >>

Art Happens - With or Without a Job

A response to the New York Times' coverage of the SNAAP survey... Continue Reading >>

UCSB Faculty Respond to "Least Useful Majors" Story

The title of this article, as well as its reliance on poorly researched data (drawn from a Newsweek Tumblr post), presents a skewed picture of the value of a liberal arts education today... Continue Reading >>

LSU Dean Cites SNAAP Data

In difficult economic times, applications to the undergraduate theater program at LSU are way up. Continue Reading >>

NYC's Design Schools Are Booming, But Creatives Want Biz Skills

Center for an Urban Future Releases Report on the Impact of Art and Design Colleges in New York. Continue Reading >>

HuffPost Arts: The Artist as Advocate

More and more we are beginning to see that "arts-training is crucial to developing creativity. Continue Reading >>


Let's Get Serious About Cultivating Creativity: Steven Tepper and George Kuh in the Chronicle Review.

Creativity may be key to America's future, but we have little data on how it is best acquired and applied. A new study (SNAAP!) is changing that. Continue Reading >>

Inside Higher Ed: Douglas Dempster and Steven Tepper on the value of an arts education.

In his famous book on capitalism, Max Weber warned that our modern world would increasingly be driven by endless attempts at measurement, accountability, efficiency, and control. Continue Reading >>

Huffington Post: Uncle Henry is Wrong. There's a Lot You Can Do With That Degree.

About three million college students will approach graduation day wondering what the future holds. Continue Reading >>

Inside Higher Education and USA Today: The Myth of the Starving Artist

Conventional wisdom has long held that pursuing a career in the arts is a likely ticket to a life of perennial unhappiness, hunger and unemployment. Continue reading

Chronicle of Higher Education: Arts-School Grads: Rich? Don't Count on It. Content? Quite Possibly!

A national survey of 13,581 arts-school alumni found that almost three-quarters of those who intended to work as a professional artist had done so at some point since graduating, and 90 percent of all respondents rated their educational experience as good or excellent Continue reading

Huffington Post: Arts Degrees are Surprisingly Stable

Parents who are worried about the viability of their child's arts degree can now officially breathe a sigh of relief. Continue reading

Exploring ArtsEngine: Integrating the arts into American universities

George Kuh chairs a panel meeting at a new national initiative to better integrate art-making and the arts into American universities, called ArtsEngine. Continue reading

Chronicle of Higher Education: Portrait of the Artists as a Scrappy, Fulfilled Demographic

The struggling artist lives on, but has built a satisfying career in some unexpected ways. Continue reading

Kansas City Star: Artists finding jobs and career satisfaction

Many people still perceive an education in the arts as preparation for living a bohemian life. Continue reading

Arts education delivers a good return on Minnesota's investment.

Budget crises force decisions that either improve a state's economic future or compromise it. Continue Reading >>

Arts grads have gifts that lift our city.

I remember having some reservations when I made the commitment to major in journalism in college. Continue Reading >>

American Public Radio asked arts graduates if they are happy they went to arts school.

Listen to a 10-minute podcast from American RadioWorks, populated by stories from arts graduates.


Snaps for SNAAP: IU Arts survey wins national award

Since 2007, SNAAP has gathered information from strategically crafted alumni surveys and translated responses to data. The final product helps arts educational institutions from kindergarten to master’s programs improve curricula, teaching methods and funding. Continue reading

National Endowment for the Arts’ Cultural Workforce Symposium

Participants at the forum noted that SNAAP could become one of the most important on-going data collection efforts in the arts, on par with the NEA’s Survey of Public Participation in the Arts and the Census Bureau’s regularly collected data on arts occupations and workers. Continue reading


What Becomes of Arts Alumni?

What makes or breaks an artist? And is there a typical career path? Continue reading

SNAAP Judgments

SNAAP will be a long-term longitudinal survey of arts alumni to show, among other things, “how students in different majors use their arts training in their careers and other aspects of their lives.” Continue reading